Did you know?
.1 in 12 African Americans have the trait.
- More than 70,000 people have Sickle Cell Disease.
- More than 1,000 babies are born with Sickle Cell disease each year.
- 1 in 500 African Americans have Sickle Cell.
- 1 in 1,000 to 1,400 Hispanic American has the Sickle Cell Disease.
What is sickle cell trait?
A person normally inherits two hemoglobin genes, one from each parent. A gene found in chromosome 11 is responsible for coding hemoglobin in the body. However, a mutation can transform the gene into a sickle cell gene. An individual who tests positive for sickle cell trait only acquires one sickle cell gene at birth.
Generally, people with sickle cell trait do not manifest symptoms and lead healthy lives. Although, in cases of severe physical stress, a person with sickle cell trait has been known to experience muscular discomfort and other disorders.
Individuals possessing the trait are carriers of sickle cell-related diseases, such as sickle cell anemia.
Millions of people have the trait and don’t know it. According to the CDC 2 million people have sickle cell trait.
What is the cause of SC and how is it treated?
Sickle Cell is inherited, which means it is passed from parent to child .To get Sickle Cell disease a child has to have two sickle cell genes(one from each parent). The most common symptom of Sickle Cell disease which would be painful events or ‘’crisis’’, this happens when the blood get ‘’stuck’’ in the blood vessels and block the flow .These crisis usually cause pain in the hands ,feet, belly, back or chest. The pain may last for hours or a few days.
People with SCD often have anemia caused by shortage of red blood cells .Anemia makes you feel weak and tired. People with SC may look pale or washed out ,their skin and the white of their eyes may have a yellowish look(jaundice).
Doctors cannot yet tell which symptoms a child born with sickle cell disease will have when they will start or how serious they will be .
Sc is treated will different pain medications Doctors recommend to stay hydrated and get plenty of rest.. Sickle Cell can be diagnosed through a simple blood test.
Without proper care and treatment Sickle Cell Anemia can become very deadly.